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外国政要和外媒眼中的周恩来是什么样的

2019-01-08 21:11     互联网     来自:环球时报(英文版)-MySH

今天是周恩来总理逝世43周年纪念日,而他在人们的心里从未远行。


旅居美国的华人史学家唐德刚先生曾说过,自有近代外交以来,中国出了“两个半”外交家,周恩来总理就是其中的一个。今天主页君就来带你走进外国友人和外媒眼中的周恩来。


Former United Nations Secretary General Hama Scheer De, who had met him in Beijing, said, "we are barbarians, compared to him."

联合国前秘书长哈马啥尔德于1955年在北京会见过周总理后说过一句广为流传的话:“与周恩来相比,我们简直就是野蛮人。” 


Mrs. Sihanouk Princess Monique also said: "he is my only idol!"

西哈努克夫人莫尼克公主也曾说“周恩来是我唯一的偶像!”


Aydin, the British Foreign Secretary, told the American journalist, "you will know that he is not an ordinary person."

英国前外交大臣艾登告诉美国记者:“你们早晚会知道,周恩来可不是平凡的人。”


Molotov, the former Foreign Minister of the former Soviet Union, told reporters from the West: "you think I'm difficult to deal with, and you're waiting to deal with him."

前苏联外长莫洛托夫对西方记者们说:“你们认为我是难打交道的人,那你们就等着与周恩来过招吧。”


Kosygin, the former Prime Minister of the former Soviet Union, once said: "comrades like him cannot be defeated, he is the greatest politician in the world." 

前苏联总理柯西金曾说:“像周恩来这样的同志是无法战胜的,他是全世界最伟大的政治家。”



Nixon, the former president of the United States, said: "if China did not have Mao Zedong, it would not burn the fire; if he did not, it would burn to ashes."

美国前总统尼克松曾说:“如果中国没有毛泽东,就不会燃起革命之火;如果没有周恩来,则会火势过大烧成灰烬。”



看完一波外国友人的好评,我们再来看看来自英国BBC的报道:

Zhou Enlai was one of the most powerful and respected Party leaders among Mao's generation. The civil war veteran became Mao's premier and foreign minister after the establishment of the People's Republic in 1949.

周恩来是毛泽东当政时代中最有影响力、最受人敬重的党的领导人之一。这位内战老兵自1949年新中国成立起担任国家总理和外交部长。

He retained a guiding hand on China's foreign relations for three decades. He wasinstrumental in the normalising of ties with the United States, which until then recognised the defeated Nationalists in Taiwan as China's legitimate government.

三十年来,他一直是中国对外关系的指导者,并在中美关系正常化方面发挥了重要作用。在此之前,美国只承认台湾的国民党是中国的合法政府。


纽约时报1986年发表文章In Death, Zhou Enlai is Still Beloved (斯人已逝,生者长思),文中写道:

Ten years after Zhou died, on Jan. 8, 1976, he remains the most widely loved of China's 20th-century leaders.

1976年1月8日周恩来逝世,距今(发布日期)已过去整十年,而他依然是中国二十世纪最受敬爱的领导人。


Abroad, too, Zhou has achieved a lasting stature. Former Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger, whose talks with the Chinese leader laid the foundation for the reconciliation between Washington and Peking, found him ''one of the two or three most impressive men'' he had ever met, ''urbane, infinitely patient, extraordinarily intelligent, subtle.''

在海外,周恩来也享有经久不衰的盛名。与他进行过中美和解谈判的前国务卿基辛格称赞周恩来是自己见过的“最令人印象深刻的两三个人之一”,“彬彬有礼,无比耐心,非常聪明、敏锐”。


周总理的这种彬彬有礼并不只是在外交场合,对普通人也一贯如此。文章接下来就提到一个细节:


Even hardened Western reporters remember him for small acts of courtesy and consideration. An American television producer who came here in the early 1970's was aghast when her expensive jade bracelet fell to the floor and shattered as she held out her hand to greet Zhou at a banquet in the Great Hall of the People. The Prime Minister immediately beckoned an aide to collect the pieces and had the bracelet returned to the producer's hotel before noon the next day - immaculately bound with a series of solid gold rings.

即使是久经沙场的西方记者也会因为他礼貌贴心的小举动记住他。70年代初期一个美国电视制片人来到中国,在人民大会堂举办的招待宴上她的玉手镯在伸手与周总理握手的刹那掉到地板上摔碎了,她吓了一跳。而总理则立即让人把碎掉的手镯捡起来,第二天还给她时,她发现手镯已经用一圈圈金制的圆环固定在了一起。



周总理也是《时代周刊》的封面常客,一共上过六次封面。

1951年6月18,标题:Communist Chou En-lai(共产主义者周恩来)

下面的小标题很有意思:

The U.S.'s enemy is also China's enemy.

美国的敌人也是中国的敌人。


1954年5月10日,标题:Red China's Chou En-lai (红色中国的周恩来)

小标题是:Waging war and talking peace (一边参与战争一边讨论和谈),背景则是一只张牙舞爪的龙在竹栏外虎视眈眈。


1964年11月13日,不再是周总理单独的封面,而是与前苏联部长会议主席柯西金握手的场面,标题则是China's Chou En-lai Greeted by Russia's Kosygin(柯西金欢迎周恩来)



1971年11月8日,大标题写着The Chinese Are Coming(中国人来了)


1972年3月6日,封面故事是尼克松访华,包括尼克松分别与毛泽东、周恩来会谈、尼克松夫妇游览长城、观看“红色娘子军”四幅画面,它们之间的则由一个黑色的“友”字连接在一起。


1975年2月3日,标题是China Looking Beyond Mao


《时代》对周恩来的六次注目只不过反映了周恩来伟大一生的六个片段,去掉《时代》记者观察中国的美国色彩,可以看到周恩来殚精竭虑、呕心沥血、智慧超群、纵横捭阖,为新中国的成长和壮大做出了不可磨灭的重要贡献。“横看成岭侧成峰,远近高低各不同。”透过《时代》的“西洋镜”,我们看到了一个别人眼里的周恩来和当时的中国。

▲中国社会科学网


除此之外,外媒还记录了不少周总理的可爱时刻:










看完这些照片,想对周总理说一句:我们都很怀念您!


整合:A君

图:中国社会科学网、国防部网站、外媒等


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