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9月15日教育部考研大纲颁布!请关注最新动态!

2017-09-13 23:04     教育     来自:牛人趣事

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今天的题目:

At the same time, the policy addresses none of the truly thorny questions about homework. If the district finds homework to be unimportant to its students’ academic achievement, it should move to reduce or eliminate the assignments, not make them count for almost nothing. Conversely, if homework matters, it should account for a significant portion of the grade. Meanwhile, this policy does nothing to ensure that the homework students receive is meaningful or appropriate to their age and the subject, or that teachers are not assigning more than they are willing to review and correct.

24. As mentioned in Paragraph 4 a key question unanswered about homework

is_____.

[A] it should be eliminated

[B] it counts much in schooling

[C] it places extra burdens on teachers

[D] it is important for grades

今天题目的解析:

1.At the same time, the policy addresses none of the truly thorny questions about homework.

词汇突破:thorny questions 棘手的问题

参考译文:与此同时,这个政策没有解决关于家庭作业的棘手的问题。

2.If the district finds homework to be unimportant to its students’ academic achievement, it should move to reduce or eliminate the assignments, not make them count for almost nothing.

词汇突破: 1) academic achievement 学业

2) eliminate 去除

3) count for 占

参考译文:如果学区认为家庭作业对于学生的学业不重要,那么学区就应该减少或者不布置家庭作业,而不是(布置家庭作业),却不算入成绩。

3. Conversely, if homework matters, it should account for a significant portion of the grade.

词汇突破:1)Conversely 相反

参考译文:相反,如果家庭作业很重要,那么学区就应该让家庭作业在成绩(的计算中)占更大的比例。

4.Meanwhile, this policy does nothing to ensure that the homework students receive is meaningful or appropriate to their age and the subject, or that teachers are not assigning more than they are willing to review and correct.

句子切分:

1)This policy does nothing to ensure that the homework students receive is meaningful or appropriate to their age and the subject

参考译文:同时这项政策也没有做任何事情来确保给学生布置的家庭作业是有用的(meaningful),是适合他们年纪和所修科目的。

2) (This policy does nothing to ensure) that teachers are not assigning more than they are willing to review and correct.

参考译文:这项政策也没有做任何事情来确保老师们不会布置过多的家庭作业,多到连他们都不愿意检查和批改。

(老师不会布置多到连他们都不愿意检查和批改的家庭作业。)

解析:也就是说:无法确保老师不会布置过多的家庭作业。

24. As mentioned in Paragraph 4 a key question unanswered about homework is _____.

我们把whether放到选项里,这样更容易理解:

关于家庭作业还没有解决的一个关键问题是:

定位到句:

2句和3句讲了一个问题;

4句讲了两个问题;

所以234句都是线索句;

( 当然题干中出现了whether就直接指向了二三句中的if; )

(但是第四句中的:this policy does nothing to ensure that 也可以等于if;)

首先看一下2句和3句:

If the district finds homework to be unimportant to its students’ academic

achievement,

如果家庭作业对于学生学业来讲不重要…

Conversely(相反), if homework matters,

如果家庭作业(对于学生学业)重要…

也就是说问题在于:家庭作业对于学生的学业而言是否重要?

[B]whether it counts much in schooling

家庭作业是否在学校教育中占更大的比重;

=家庭作业对于学校教育是否重要

Schooling= students’ academic achievement

所以B选项是完美替换!

错误选项一:

[D]whether it is important for grades

家庭作业是否对成绩重要

这就是偷换,不是家庭作业对于成绩是否重要!

而在于家庭作业对于孩子学业是否重要!

成绩在这里只是一个参数,用来反应家庭作业对于学校教育是否重要的参数;

我们不能说家庭作业对于成绩是否重要。

可以排除

错误选项二:

[A]whether it should be eliminated

家庭作业是否应该被去除。

问题不在于家庭作业是否应该被去除,而在于家庭作业对于孩子学业是否重要!

是否应该被去除家庭作业是反应家庭作业是否重要的一个参数。

可以排除!

错误选项三:

[C] whether it places extra burdens on teachers

家庭作业是否会给老师增加的额外的负担

文中第四句说的是:老师是否会布置过多的家庭作业;

所以是偷换!可以排除!

如果要做正确的同意替换应该是:

Whether teachers will assign proper amount of homework.

(老师们是否会布置恰当数量的家庭作业)

如果在英语二真题上有什么问题,可以来问我,英语一和英语二有共性的问题我可以和大家一起讨论。

来吧,继续做题,明天的题目:

No clear-cut distinction can be drawn between professionals and amateurs in science: exceptions can be found to any rule. Nevertheless, the word “amateur” does carry a connotation that the person concerned is not fully integrated into the scientific community and, in particular, may not fully share its values. The growth of specialization in the nineteenth century, with its consequent requirement of a longer, more complex training, implied greater problems for amateur participation in science. The trend was naturally most obvious in those areas of science based especially on a mathematical or laboratory training, and can be illustrated in terms of the development of geology in the United Kingdom.

1.The author writes of the development of geology to demonstrate ________.

[A] the process of specialization and professionalisation

[B] the hardship of amateurs in scientific study

[C] the change of policies in scientific publications

[D] the discrimination of professionals against amateurs

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